Skip to main content

Roles in software testing

Software testing involves multiple roles, beginning with the developer and ending with the customer.

Each role has different responsibilities, which can be summarized as follows:

  • Developer: Mainly creates and performs unit tests and complex integration tests. Automating unit tests is also within their scope.
  • Tester: Understands the requirement specifications and creates manual test cases at the integration and system levels, and performs functional, non-functional, exploratory, and regression testing. Automating all possible test cases is also within their scope.  
  • Test lead: Performs the following tasks:
    • Validates the quality of testing requirements, such as:
      • Testability
      • Test design
      • Test scripting
      • Test automation
    • Creates and monitors test plans and ensures that test documentation is complete.
    • Oversees the following processes:
      • Test environment management
      • Test management
      • Customer/stakeholder communications
      • Resource planning
      • Supervision
      • Tracking progress and status reporting  
  • Test architect: Performs the following tasks:
    • Tests the strategy and automation framework.
    • Implements best practices.
    • Creates test environment requirements.
    • Provides technical guidance.
    • Identifies the right tools for various testing activities.  
  • Business analyst: Performs the following tasks:
    • Analyzes business requirements and authors the requirements document.
    • Assists teams in designing tests and review tests, and ensures that requirements are in sync with the design.
    • Assists with authoring user acceptance tests and performing acceptance testing.  
  • Product owner: Performs the following tasks:
    • Oversees the vision for the product and authors requirements based on business needs.
    • Defines and prioritizes the product backlog.
    • Understands and clarifies queries from the team and works closely with the team to ensure high quality.
    • Accepts or rejects feature deliveries and oversees the quality of the product.
    • Acts as the interface between customers and other stakeholders.
    • Demonstrates product progress and capabilities.
    • Performs acceptance testing and also oversees Return on Investment (ROI) of features and team effort.  
  • Customer/End user: Performs Acceptance testing and provides continuous feedback.

The following image shows the roles that are generally responsible for different types of testing in the test pyramid. 

Roles in pyramid

 Check your knowledge with the following interaction:

This Topic is available in the following Module:

If you are having problems with your training, please review the Pega Academy Support FAQs.

Did you find this content helpful?

Want to help us improve this content?

We'd prefer it if you saw us at our best.

Pega Academy has detected you are using a browser which may prevent you from experiencing the site as intended. To improve your experience, please update your browser.

Close Deprecation Notice